unordered-containers-0.2.3.0: Efficient hashing-based container types

Portabilityportable
Stabilityprovisional
Maintainerjohan.tibell@gmail.com
Safe HaskellTrustworthy

Data.HashMap.Strict

Contents

Description

A map from hashable keys to values. A map cannot contain duplicate keys; each key can map to at most one value. A HashMap makes no guarantees as to the order of its elements.

This map is strict in both the keys and the values; keys and values are evaluated to weak head normal form before they are added to the map. Exception: the provided instances are the same as for the lazy version of this module.

The implementation is based on hash array mapped tries. A HashMap is often faster than other tree-based set types, especially when key comparison is expensive, as in the case of strings.

Many operations have a average-case complexity of O(log n). The implementation uses a large base (i.e. 16) so in practice these operations are constant time.

Synopsis

Documentation

data HashMap k v Source

A map from keys to values. A map cannot contain duplicate keys; each key can map to at most one value.

Instances

Typeable2 HashMap 
Functor (HashMap k) 
Foldable (HashMap k) 
Traversable (HashMap k) 
(Eq k, Eq v) => Eq (HashMap k v) 
(Data k, Data v, Eq k, Hashable k) => Data (HashMap k v) 
(Show k, Show v) => Show (HashMap k v) 
(Eq k, Hashable k) => Monoid (HashMap k v) 
(NFData k, NFData v) => NFData (HashMap k v) 

Construction

empty :: HashMap k vSource

O(1) Construct an empty map.

singleton :: Hashable k => k -> v -> HashMap k vSource

O(1) Construct a map with a single element.

Basic interface

null :: HashMap k v -> BoolSource

O(1) Return True if this map is empty, False otherwise.

size :: HashMap k v -> IntSource

O(n) Return the number of key-value mappings in this map.

member :: (Eq k, Hashable k) => k -> HashMap k a -> BoolSource

O(log n) Return True if the specified key is present in the map, False otherwise.

lookup :: (Eq k, Hashable k) => k -> HashMap k v -> Maybe vSource

O(log n) Return the value to which the specified key is mapped, or Nothing if this map contains no mapping for the key.

lookupDefaultSource

Arguments

:: (Eq k, Hashable k) 
=> v

Default value to return.

-> k 
-> HashMap k v 
-> v 

O(log n) Return the value to which the specified key is mapped, or the default value if this map contains no mapping for the key.

(!) :: (Eq k, Hashable k) => HashMap k v -> k -> vSource

O(log n) Return the value to which the specified key is mapped. Calls error if this map contains no mapping for the key.

insert :: (Eq k, Hashable k) => k -> v -> HashMap k v -> HashMap k vSource

O(log n) Associate the specified value with the specified key in this map. If this map previously contained a mapping for the key, the old value is replaced.

insertWith :: (Eq k, Hashable k) => (v -> v -> v) -> k -> v -> HashMap k v -> HashMap k vSource

O(log n) Associate the value with the key in this map. If this map previously contained a mapping for the key, the old value is replaced by the result of applying the given function to the new and old value. Example:

 insertWith f k v map
   where f new old = new + old

delete :: (Eq k, Hashable k) => k -> HashMap k v -> HashMap k vSource

O(log n) Remove the mapping for the specified key from this map if present.

adjust :: (Eq k, Hashable k) => (v -> v) -> k -> HashMap k v -> HashMap k vSource

O(log n) Adjust the value tied to a given key in this map only if it is present. Otherwise, leave the map alone.

Combine

Union

union :: (Eq k, Hashable k) => HashMap k v -> HashMap k v -> HashMap k vSource

O(n+m) The union of two maps. If a key occurs in both maps, the mapping from the first will be the mapping in the result.

unionWith :: (Eq k, Hashable k) => (v -> v -> v) -> HashMap k v -> HashMap k v -> HashMap k vSource

O(n+m) The union of two maps. If a key occurs in both maps, the provided function (first argument) will be used to compute the result.

unions :: (Eq k, Hashable k) => [HashMap k v] -> HashMap k vSource

Construct a set containing all elements from a list of sets.

Transformations

map :: (v1 -> v2) -> HashMap k v1 -> HashMap k v2Source

traverseWithKey :: Applicative f => (k -> v1 -> f v2) -> HashMap k v1 -> f (HashMap k v2)Source

O(n) Transform this map by accumulating an Applicative result from every value.

Difference and intersection

difference :: (Eq k, Hashable k) => HashMap k v -> HashMap k w -> HashMap k vSource

O(n*log m) Difference of two maps. Return elements of the first map not existing in the second.

intersection :: (Eq k, Hashable k) => HashMap k v -> HashMap k w -> HashMap k vSource

O(n*log m) Intersection of two maps. Return elements of the first map for keys existing in the second.

intersectionWith :: (Eq k, Hashable k) => (v1 -> v2 -> v3) -> HashMap k v1 -> HashMap k v2 -> HashMap k v3Source

O(n+m) Intersection of two maps. If a key occurs in both maps the provided function is used to combine the values from the two maps.

Folds

foldl' :: (a -> v -> a) -> a -> HashMap k v -> aSource

O(n) Reduce this map by applying a binary operator to all elements, using the given starting value (typically the left-identity of the operator). Each application of the operator is evaluated before before using the result in the next application. This function is strict in the starting value.

foldlWithKey' :: (a -> k -> v -> a) -> a -> HashMap k v -> aSource

O(n) Reduce this map by applying a binary operator to all elements, using the given starting value (typically the left-identity of the operator). Each application of the operator is evaluated before before using the result in the next application. This function is strict in the starting value.

foldr :: (v -> a -> a) -> a -> HashMap k v -> aSource

O(n) Reduce this map by applying a binary operator to all elements, using the given starting value (typically the right-identity of the operator).

foldrWithKey :: (k -> v -> a -> a) -> a -> HashMap k v -> aSource

O(n) Reduce this map by applying a binary operator to all elements, using the given starting value (typically the right-identity of the operator).

Filter

filter :: (v -> Bool) -> HashMap k v -> HashMap k vSource

O(n) Filter this map by retaining only elements which values satisfy a predicate.

filterWithKey :: (k -> v -> Bool) -> HashMap k v -> HashMap k vSource

O(n) Filter this map by retaining only elements satisfying a predicate.

Conversions

keys :: HashMap k v -> [k]Source

O(n) Return a list of this map's keys. The list is produced lazily.

elems :: HashMap k v -> [v]Source

O(n) Return a list of this map's values. The list is produced lazily.

Lists

toList :: HashMap k v -> [(k, v)]Source

O(n) Return a list of this map's elements. The list is produced lazily.

fromList :: (Eq k, Hashable k) => [(k, v)] -> HashMap k vSource

O(n*log n) Construct a map with the supplied mappings. If the list contains duplicate mappings, the later mappings take precedence.

fromListWith :: (Eq k, Hashable k) => (v -> v -> v) -> [(k, v)] -> HashMap k vSource

O(n*log n) Construct a map from a list of elements. Uses the provided function to merge duplicate entries.